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How to write a report


The task to write a report may seem daunting at first, but fortunately, if you choose the topic you like, devote enough time and attention to preparing the report and studying the topic, this task will cease to seem so difficult to you. After you study your topic and write the outline, the only thing left is to write all the points according to the outline and memorize your report before you turn it in!

Choosing a theme

Read the directions for writing your report carefully. If your teacher or supervisor has given you recommendations for writing a report on be sure to read them carefully and make sure you understand the assignment. As a rule, the directive contains information about whether the report should be informative or convincing, what audience it is intended for, and also usually gives recommendations on those problems and issues that the author must solve in his work.

Teachers usually also indicate requirements for the structure and format of the report.

If you have any questions about an assignment, address them as early as possible. Otherwise, you will have to re-write the report, because you misunderstood the assignment.

Choose a topic that interests you. Usually the author is given complete freedom in choosing a topic. If you choose a topic that really interests you, it will be much more interesting for you to collect information and write text. This will make your report more informative and interesting to read, so you are more likely to receive positive comments or a higher rating.

Try to choose as specific a topic as possible. Choosing a topic that is too long will make the talk seem disorganized as you try to cover too much information at once. On the other hand, the topic should not be too narrow, otherwise it will be difficult for you to find enough information to write. Try to find that aspect of the theme that has a lot of interesting details.

If you don't know what to write about yet, choose a broader topic and then narrow it down by starting to write the work.

Research topic for the report

Use only reliable sources in your work. If your report hint specifies a range of sources or a limit on the number of sources of a particular type that can be used, be sure to follow these guidelines. No matter how well you write your paper, if you don't write your paper properly, you won't get good reviews and high scores. Any sources that you use when you write my essay should be reliable, for example, books, newspapers, or scientific articles on the topic.

If you do not have guidance as to how many sources to use, find 1-2 reliable sources for each page of the report.

Sources are divided into primary (such as original written works, court records and interviews) and secondary - reference books and reviews.

Databases and abstracts are considered tertiary sources and can be used to find primary and secondary sources for your report.

If you are writing a business report, you may be provided with some additional material, such as market research or sales reports, or you may need to collect this information yourself.

Start by visiting the library if you are writing a talk for a school. Even if you are allowed to use online sources, the best place to start writing a paper is in the library. When you start gathering information for your talk, visit your school's library, one of the public libraries in your city, or the nearest college or university library. Search the library's database to access books, scholarly journals, periodicals, and other sources that may not be available on the Internet.

Often, educators limit the number of online sources that you can use. If you find most of the information you need in the library, you can use online sources to find information you couldn't find anywhere else.

Use only scientific sources if you are looking for information online. Since anyone can write and post something on the Internet, it can sometimes be difficult to study all the information offered and find reliable sources. To ensure that the information you have taken is accurate, start by using an academic search engine.

Alternatively, you can use your school's recommended search engine, which may require a username and password.

Examples of trusted online sources include government websites, articles written by renowned experts, and information in peer-reviewed journals that have been published online.

Use the cross-references of your sources to find new material. To find more information for your report, you can find the sources that the authors used when writing their articles. For example, if you are reading an article that mentions a previous post on the same topic, try to find it. You may find new information to help you better understand the topic.

If you are using the book as one of your sources, check the last few pages. Often the author lists the sources that he used to write his book.

When writing a report, do not be too lazy to take notes, including quotes. If you find something helpful in a book, article, or other source, write down anything you might need for your talk. Then write down all the information, when you write essay for me you find in the source, including author, publication date, page number, and publisher.

This will help you list your sources as citation information will appear right in your notes.

Remember to number each page of your notes so you don't get confused about what information is from which source!

Remember that you will need to indicate the sources that you use in your report; however, how exactly this is done will depend on the format assigned.

With the help of the resulting abstracts, you can write abstracts . As you read and take notes on articles, the main theme will form in your notes. Use this topic to write a useful and interesting talk. Your theses should summarize what you want to convey to your listener, and all the main paragraphs should be related to the main topic.

Usually, the report does not mention the opinion of the author himself. But the thesis should contain an argument that you will have to prove in the main part of the report.

Organize your notes into a common structure. Once you have decided on the theses for your talk, you need to start organizing your notes into the basic structure that you will use for your talk. Start with the main idea, then choose 3 or 4 key messages related to it that you want to cover in your talk.

The purpose of the abstract is to help you imagine what the report will look like. You can create a simple list or draw up a mind map , whichever matters most to you.

Try to organize the information in your notes so that it fits together logically. For example, it is helpful to try to group related elements, such as important events from a person's childhood, education, and career, if you are writing a biographical report.

Writing a draft

Format your report as instructed. It is better to set the font, margins and spacing in the report before you start writing it, instead of trying to do everything at the end. Then, when you write the text, move on to quoting each time you add information from some source. This way, you will definitely not forget to do it when you finish writing.

Follow the guidelines for formatting text. If not, choose something classic, such as 12-point Times New Roman or Arial, one-and-a-half spacing, and standard margins.

Usually, at the end of the report, you need a list of the sources that you used when writing it. Most likely, you will need a title page, which should contain the title of the topic of the report, your name, date and name of your teacher or supervisor.

For some types of talk, you will also need a table of contents and summaries that summarize what you have written. They are usually easier to write after you are done with the draft.

Formulate your topic in the introduction. The introduction is the part where you introduce the topic and present the essence of the report. The introductory text should be interesting so that the reader is interested and wants to read the rest of the report. You should provide some background information on your chosen topic and then outline your topic so the reader knows what the talk will be about.

Begin each paragraph in your report with a thematic sentence. In the paragraphs of the report, include evidence supporting the main theme. Each paragraph should consist of a topical sentence and supporting arguments. Thematic sentence introduces the main idea of   the paragraph and links it to the topic.

As a rule, the most important and convincing information should be at the beginning of the report.

Support each sentence with research evidence. After you write a topical sentence in a body paragraph, provide evidence from research that supports this idea. Enter evidence into text using quotations and paraphrases. By linking the text of each main paragraph to the topic of the sentence, you can logically build the structure of the report, and it will turn out to be more interesting.

Paraphrasing means repeating the original ideas of the author in your own words. A quote means using the exact words from the original source in quotation marks, indicating the author.

Supplement the evidence with comments that explain how they relate to the thesis. The commentary is your ideas about the topic and the evidence. Analyze the evidence to explain how it supports the ideas and then clearly link them to the presentation. This will help the reader follow your train of thought, which will make your argument more convincing.

Your comment should be at least 1-2 sentences. In the case of a longer presentation, the comments may also be longer.

Summarize your research in the final paragraph. It includes a summary of the main topic and final thoughts. It should repeat to the reader what he should take away from the report, and this paragraph should also emphasize the importance of the information that you presented.

Avoid providing any new information in the conclusion. You don't want to surprise the reader at the very last moment. On the contrary, you need to intelligibly repeat everything that has already been stated earlier.

Checking and rereading the report

Scan your report to make sure all important information is included. Read the talk from start to finish, imagining that you are a reader who has never heard this information before. Pay attention to how easy it is to follow the logic of the report, whether the topic of the report is clearly disclosed. Also see if your evidence supports the main theme.

Ask yourself this question: "If I had read this report for the first time, would I have understood this topic after reading it?"

Check the text carefully for errors. No matter how good the information is, your report will appear amateurish and sloppy if it contains a lot of spelling or punctuation errors.

Writing a report in a text editor with built-in spell checker will help you catch errors while writing, but nothing replaces careful editing.

Try reading the talk out loud. Listening to words will help you catch logical errors or too long sentences that you did not find when reading "to yourself."

Read each sentence from the end of the text to the beginning. No matter how carefully you read your report, sometimes you may accidentally look over text that you have already read several times. After you've finished editing your paper, try reading it again, but this time read it backwards. Start with the last sentence of the talk, then read the penultimate one, and so on.

This is a great way to help you find spelling and grammatical errors that your eye might otherwise miss.

Have someone read your talk. Having a second pair of eyes can be helpful when you are reading an edited text, especially after reading the talk several times. If you can find a person who agrees to read your report, ask him to report any spelling and grammatical errors, speech inaccuracies, and also ask the reader to comment if your point of view is clear.

Ask the assistant such questions: "Is it clear what I mean in the report?", "Is there something worth removing or adding?" and "Is there anything worth changing?"

Compare the talk with the instructor's instructions to make sure it follows them. All your hard work deserves a reward, so don't risk losing points because you didn't complete the task correctly. Review the guidelines for the report to make sure your document meets the requirements for an excellent grade.

If you have any questions about the requirements, check with your instructor. It is important to know how he will evaluate this assignment.

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